May this year comes along with a lot of happiness, joy, peace, success, prosperity for everyone.
HAPPY NEW YEAR
Getting a handle on your anger!
Like all emotions, we have experienced anger. People across all ages, across all situations or cultures experience it. It is a complex emotion and receives maximum attention because not only it affects the person who is experiencing it, but also the people who are related to him. As a result it is often termed as a negative emotion. It is a feeling that can range from annoyance to rage. It is a feeling that when suppressed can continue to build up until it is released. Release can be in a healthy manner or in a harmful manner. People have different styles of expressing anger. It may be expressed as rage, verbal abuse, or striking out at others and things. It can be quick, like a viper’s bite or it can be like a boom of a cannon, or it can be slow and seething. It can zoom from “ 0” to “10” in a split second, and spin out of control! Other people shove it down and let it smoulder like hot coals. Some people feel resentment and shame. Some people feel anger day in and day out. Anger can pierce deep into the heart. Anger may lead to problems when it happens too often, lasts a long time, gets out-of-control and is destructive. It hurts you and other people. The aftermath of fury or isolation can be a painful time.
Most of us, especially the adolescents and young adults are much more prone to anger than rest of the population. As students and growing adults; most of you are faced with daily life challenges that include making choices about family and professional lives, handling various stressors and add to it one’s quest for identity. More often than not you might find yourself in a situation in which you experience extreme mental pressure and feel easily agitated. Some of these situations might see you “getting off the handle”. On the other hand you could be silently sulking and further mentally tormenting yourself. After such incidents get over, most of us promise ourselves and to significant others, “I won’t get angry now”. However what we should actually promise is that “I wouldmanage my anger effectively now onwards”. How can we prevent ourselves from experiencing an emotion that in so human in nature!
Here some practical tips in which anger can be managed effectively are being presented. If practiced regularly and sincerely these methods or tips can go a long way in ensuring easy management. If you do not succeed in the first attempt, don’t give up, keep trying in a systematic manner. Maintaining a diary or log of the methods you use is often helpful.
Harmful ways of releasing anger:
How do you know when anger is becoming a problem?
Anger is a human experience. It serves a purpose. Anger gets in the way of living life when it’s too much, too often and severe in expression. It can be made a smaller part of life and used appropriately, so that living is filled with freedom, laughter and love!
If you feel that you cannot manage your anger, get help today by visiting mental health professionals who not only help you cope withanger, but help you in dealing with other issues that might be causinganger.
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is a psychotherapy based on modifying everyday thoughts and behaviors, with the aim of positively influencing emotions. The general approach developed out of behavior modification and cognitive therapy, and has become widely used to treat mental disorders. CBT is widely accepted as an evidence-based, cost-effective psychotherapy for many disorders. In CBT, the therapist identifies faulty patterns of thought process, interpretations, emotional reactions and dysfunctional behavior. Then the therapist clarifies implications of such thought patterns, emotional reactions and interpretations and suggests ways and means for overcoming the problem.
Cognitive behavior therapy postulates that feelings and behaviors are caused by a person’s thoughts, not on outside stimuli like people, situations and events. People may not be able to change their circumstances, but they can change how they think about them and therefore change how they feel and behave, according to cognitive-behavior therapists.
CBT is based on the idea that how we think (cognition), how we feel (emotion) and how we act (behavior) all interact together. Specifically, our thoughtsdetermine our feelings and our behavior. Therefore, negative – and unrealistic – thoughts can cause us distress and result in problems. CBT can help break this vicious circle of altered thinking, feelings and behavior. When one sees the parts of the sequence clearly, one can change them – and so change the way he/she feels.
The Cognitive Side
Cognition is defined as the psychological result of perception, learning, and reasoning. Simply put, thoughts have an enormous impact on our mental health. Cognitive Therapy is not as simple as thinking positive. Human thought is complex, and changing the way we think can mean attempting to undo years of thought patterns. Some of these thought patterns may be negative and automatic.
We are all inherently imaginative beings with an endless amount of thoughts zipping in and out of our minds throughout the day. When these thoughts are negative in nature, they begin to disrupt our lives and slowly change our perspective from one that creatively visualizes to one that only has the capacity for negative visualization. Thoughts like, “We are all going to die anyway, so what’s the point in doing anything at all?” often carry great emotional weight without any real solution. A major part of eliminating damaging automatic thoughts is to determine the core beliefs that these thoughts are rooted in.
Core beliefs can be divided into two categories: those of helplessness, and those ofunlovability. For example, a person may have the automatic thought, “I can’t get along with anyone,” which stems from the unlovable core beliefs. The automatic thought “I can’t control my feelings anymore” is rooted in a helpless core belief structure.
By changing our core beliefs and the resulting automatic thoughts, we can change overall perceptions, feelings, and actions.
The Behavior Side
The way we think and feel usually determines the actions that we take. If a person believes that he or she is unlovable, he or she may take actions to avoid being in relationships, something that could further validate their core belief. If someone thinks they are worthless, he or she may participate in dangerous, impulsive activity. Thoughts, feelings, and actions are completely linked together. By changing thought processes, actions can be changed as well.
The first step to addressing an emotional disturbance is to become aware of the thoughts and feelings that drive it. Actively investigating the thought processes from both a cognitive and a behavioral point of view can dramatically affect our ability to resolve any emotional disturbance permanently.
How does CBT work?
One of the objectives of CBT typically is to identify and monitor thoughts, assumptions, beliefs and behaviors that are related and accompanied to debilitating negative emotions and to identify those which are dysfunctional, inaccurate, or simply unhelpful. This is done in an effort to in a wide array of different methodologies replace or transcend them with more realistic and self-helping ways.
It helps you challenge your negative beliefs and to think about times when you have been successful or to consider what happens to other people in similar situations. Once you are thinking more realistically, you are encouraged to imagine how you would go about confronting a feared situation. You will then be gradually exposed to real life situations.
The aim of CBT is to provide you with a timescale for overcoming a problem and to give you the insight and skills to improve your quality of life. You will then be able to cope and progress on your own once therapy is finished.
What problems can CBT help?
CBT can help people who have: anger issues, anxiety and panic attacks, chronic fatigue syndrome, depression, drug or alcohol problems, eating disorders, obsessive-compulsive disorder, persistent pain, phobias, post-traumatic stress, schizophrenia, sexual or relationship issues or sleep problems. Daily life problems, such as difficulty establishing or staying in relationships, problems with marriage or other relationships you’re already in, job, career or school difficulties, feelings of being “stressed out”, insufficient self-esteem (accepting or respecting yourself), inadequate coping skills, or ill-chosen methods of coping can also be benefited by CBT.
How Long Does Cognitive Behavior Therapy Take?
Cognitive behavioral therapy generally is not an overnight process. Even after patients have learned to recognize when and where their mental processes go awry, it can take months of effort to replace a dysfunctional cognitive-affective-behavioral process or habit with a more reasonable and adaptive one. Because cognitive behavior therapy is a structured, goal-oriented educational process focused on the immediate problems of the alcohol or drug-dependent patient, the process is usually short-term. Although other forms of therapy and psychoanalysis can take years, cognitive behavior therapy is usually completed in 12 to 16 sessions with the therapist.
Dementia is not a specific disease. Instead, dementia describes a group of symptoms effecting thinking and social abilities severely enough to interfere with daily functioning. Many causes of dementia symptoms exist. Alzheimer’s disease is the most common cause of a progressive dementia. Dementia is progressive, which means the symptoms gradually get worse over time. The pace of worsening of symptoms may differ from one individual to another.
Memory loss generally occurs in dementia. However, memory loss alone doesn’t mean you have dementia. Dementia indicates problems with at least two brain functions, such as memory loss and impaired judgment or language, and the inability to perform some daily activities such as paying bills or becoming lost driving. Dementia can make the sufferer confused and unable to remember people and names. Changes in personality and social behavior are also common.
Dementia symptoms vary depending on the cause, but common signs and symptoms include:
Early signs of Dementia
Changes in mood, short-term memory loss, difficulty in finding the right words, loss of interest in hobbies or interests, spending time alone, difficulty doing normal, everyday tasks, confusion, and repetition of same questions are potential warning signs of dementia.
If you notice any of the above signs of dementia in someone elderly you know; get consultation from a Neuropsychiatrist as soon as you can. Timely intervention can slow down the degenerative process and avoid many further complications.
Schizophrenia is a severe and disabling psychiatric disorder. People with this disorder might behave in unusual manner. They may hear voices other people don’t hear. They may believe other people are reading their minds, controlling their thoughts, or plotting to harm them. This can terrify people with the illness and make them withdrawn or aggressive. They might be seen talking to themselves and may not be able to carry out their normal, routine activities. Sometimes people with schizophrenia seem perfectly fine until they talk about what they are really thinking. Families and society are affected by schizophrenia too. Many people with schizophrenia have difficulty holding a job or caring for themselves, so they rely on others for help.
Signs & Symptoms
The fall into three broad categories: positive symptoms, negative symptoms, and cognitive symptoms.
Positive symptoms are psychotic behaviors not seen in healthy people. People with positive symptoms often “lose touch” with reality. These symptoms can come and go. Sometimes they are severe and at other times hardly noticeable, depending on whether the individual is receiving treatment. They include the following:
§ Hallucinations are things a person sees, hears, smells, or feels that no one else can see, hear, smell, or feel. “Voices” are the most common type of hallucination in schizophrenia. Many people with the disorder hear voices. The voices may talk to the person about his or her behavior, order the person to do things, or warn the person of danger. Sometimes the voices talk to each other. People with schizophrenia may hear voices for a long time before family and friends notice the problem.
§ Delusions are false beliefs that are not part of the person’s culture and do not change. The person believes delusions even after other people prove that the beliefs are not true or logical. People with schizophrenia can have delusions that seem bizarre, such as believing that someone can control their behavior with magnetic waves. They may have paranoid delusions and believe that others are trying to harm them, such as by cheating, harassing, poisoning, spying on, or plotting against them or the people they care about. These beliefs are called “delusions of persecution.”
§ Thought disorders are unusual or dysfunctional ways of thinking. One form of thought disorder is called “disorganized thinking.” This is when a person has trouble organizing his or her thoughts or connecting them logically. They may talk in a garbled way that is hard to understand. Another form is called “thought blocking.” This is when a person stops speaking abruptly in the middle of a thought. When asked why he or she stopped talking, the person may say that it felt as if the thought had been taken out of his or her head. Finally, a person with a thought disorder might make up meaningless words, or “neologisms.”
§ Movement disorders may appear as agitated body movements. A person with a movement disorder may repeat certain motions over and over. In the other extreme, a person may become catatonic. Catatonia is a state in which a person does not move and does not respond to others. Catatonia is rare today, but it was more common when treatment for schizophrenia was not available.
Negative symptoms are associated with disruptions to normal emotions and behaviors. These symptoms are harder to recognize as part of the disorder and can be mistaken for depression or other conditions. These symptoms include the following:
§ a person’s face does not move or he or she talks in a dull or monotonous voice
§ person may feel lack of lack of pleasure in everyday life
§ lack of ability to begin and sustain planned activities
§ speaking little, even when forced to interact.
The prevalence of schizophrenia in India is about three per 1,000 individuals. It is most often diagnosed between the ages of 15-35 and men and women are equally affected. Treatment helps relieve many symptoms of schizophrenia, but most people who have the disorder cope with symptoms throughout their lives. However, many people with schizophrenia can lead rewarding and meaningful lives in their communities. Treatment of this disorder includes medication as well as other psycho-social treatments. Family counselling is also an important part of treatment.
Dyslexics’ performance varies from day to day. On some days, reading may come fairly easily. However, another day, they may be barely able to write their own name. This inconsistency is extremely confusing not only to the dyslexic, but also to others in his environment.as a result, knowingly or unknowingly, parents, teachers and peers often end up making comments or behaving in a manner which can only exacerbate emotional problems in these children. However awareness about certain steps and behaviors can ensure that such behavior is kept to the minimum, so as to foster positive well-being and feelings of acceptance among the children.
May this year comes along with a lot of happiness, joy, peace, success, prosperity for everyone.
HAPPY NEW YEAR